INDRADYUMNA I. A King born in the dynasty of Svayambhuva Manu, and a king of the Pandya country.
1) Genealogy. Descended from Visnu in this order :VisUu – Brahma – Svayambhuva Mann – Priyavrata – Agnidhra – Nabhi – Rsabha – Bharata -Sumati – Indradyumna.
2) Indradyumna turned into elephant. Indradyumna, a devotee of Visnu handed over governance of the country to his children when he became old, and performed penance in the Malaya mountain. One day, when he was immersed in meditation Agastya came there. Naturally, Indradyumna did not notice Agastya’s arrival. Enraged at this the latter cursed Indradyumna and turned him into an elephant. Being told immediately about the curse by his servants Indradyumna sought redemption from the curse from Agastya himself. Redemption was granted thus : Indradyumna would roam in the forest for years as an elephant, a devotee of Visnu and he would attain salvation when Lord Visnu came down to the earth and patted the elephant omits back. Accordingly Indradyumna who was turned into an elephant roamed about in the forest for many years in the company of a herd of wild elephants. At last it arrived at Mount Trikuta. There was a lake there on the banks of which was sage Devala engaged in penance. Huhu, tae Gandharva had once come to this lake with a number of Apsard women and they indulged in amorous sports, which Devala did not like. He cursed Huhu and turned him into a crocodile, and the crocodile lived in the same lake.
Indradyumna who was turned into an elephant, stepped into the lake to drink water when the crocodile caught hold of its hind leg. Neither did the elephant yield nor the crocodile leave the former free. Their tug of war continued for 1000 years when Mahavisnu appeared on the scene, killed the crocodile and saved the elephant. At once the elephant was re-transformed into Indradyumna and he attained Vaikuntha (the abode of Visnu). (Bhagavata, 8th Skandha).
A Malayalam verse summarises the, above story as follows :-Impelled by Agastya’s curse the elephant went to the lake at Mount Trikuta, and suffered for 1000 years as the crocodile which caught hold of its hind leg did not loosen its grip. Then appeared on the scene the killer of Murasura (Lord Visnu) on his vehicle, Garuda, killed the crocodile with his discus and granted salvation to the elephant.
3) Indradyumna’s, fall from heaven when the merits of his good deeds were exhausted. The merits or the result of his good and noble deeds having been exhausted, Indradyumna, the saintly king once descended from heaven to earth, and the sad King approached sage Markandeya. But, the sage did not recognize him. The King and the sage went to Pravirakarna, an owl living on the top of the Himalayas. It also did not recognise the King. Then they went to Nadijariigha, a stork very much older than the owl and living in the lake known as Indradyumna. Nadijarhgha also could not recognise the King. In another part of the lake was living a tortoise called Akupara, who was older than Nadijariigha. At last the King, the sage, Pravirakarna and Nadijamgha approached Akupara. At his very sight Akupara recognized the King. Akupara told sage Markandeya that Indra.dvumna was a very famous King and quite liberal and munificent in distributing gifts, and that the lake Indradyumna was formed by the passage of the cows gifted by the King. Having heard these details regarding the King the sage sent him back to heaven. (M.B. Vana Parva, Chapter 199).
INDRADYUMNA II. Mahabha.rata, Vana Parva, Chapter 12, Verse 32 refers to a certain King Indradyumna, a contemporary of Sri Krsna ; Krsna killed him.
INDRADYUMNA 111. A sage Indradyumna is mentioned in the list of Saints who paid their homage to Dharmaputra during his forest life. (M.B. Vana Parva, Chapter 26, Verse 22) .
INDRADYUMNA IV. Name of King,Janaka’s father.
INDRADYUMNA V. A king of the Iksvaku dynasty. (See Para 2, under Vi9vakarman).
INDRADYUMNA VI. A king who lived in the Krta yuga, and a devotee of Visnu. He visited the jagannatha temple in Odra Deta once to worship Lord Jagannatha. The Lord was thin hidden in the sand. When the King, disappointed at this was about to return, determined to fast unto death at Mount NiIa when a celestial voice cried, “Thou sha1t see Him”. Afterwards the King performed a horse sacrifice and built a magnificent Visnu temple. Narasirhharnurti brought by Narada was installed in the temple. During sleep the King had a darsana (sight) of Lord Jagannatha. Also an astral voice directed him to cut down the fragrant tree on the seashore and make idols with it. Accordingly the king got idols of Visnu, Balardma, Sudar~ana and Subhadra made and installed them in the temple. (Skanda Purina).